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Vertebrate Zoology by Kotpal: A Complete and Updated PDF Book for Zoology Students


Vertebrate Zoology by Kotpal: A Comprehensive Guide for Students




If you are a student of zoology, biology, or wildlife, you might have heard of the name R.L. Kotpal. He is a renowned Indian zoologist and author of several books on animal diversity, ecology, and evolution. One of his most popular books is Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates, which covers the anatomy, physiology, behavior, and classification of vertebrate animals in a detailed and systematic manner.




vertebrate zoology by kotpal pdf download 188



In this article, we will explore what vertebrate zoology is, who R.L. Kotpal is, what his book is about, and how you can download the PDF version of his book for free. We will also discuss some of the pros and cons of downloading PDF books online, and provide some tips and precautions for doing so safely and legally.


What is Vertebrate Zoology?




Vertebrate zoology is a branch of zoology that deals with the study of animals that have a backbone or a spinal column. These animals are called vertebrates, and they include fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Vertebrates are the most diverse and complex group of animals on Earth, with over 65,000 living species and millions of extinct ones.


The Scope and Importance of Vertebrate Zoology




Vertebrate zoology encompasses a wide range of topics and disciplines, such as anatomy, physiology, genetics, evolution, ecology, behavior, conservation, and paleontology. Vertebrate zoologists use various methods and tools to observe, collect, identify, classify, analyze, and interpret data on vertebrate animals in their natural and artificial environments.


Vertebrate zoology is important for many reasons. It helps us understand the origin, diversity, adaptation, and distribution of vertebrates. It helps us appreciate the beauty, complexity, and value of vertebrate life. It helps us protect and conserve vertebrate biodiversity and habitats. It helps us discover new species and fossils of vertebrates. It helps us apply vertebrate knowledge to human health, medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, education, and recreation.


The Major Subdivisions of Vertebrate Zoology




Vertebrate zoology can be divided into several major subdivisions based on the taxonomic groups or categories of vertebrates. These subdivisions are:



  • Ichthyology: The study of fishes.



  • Herpetology: The study of amphibians and reptiles.



  • Ornithology: The study of birds.



  • Mammalogy: The study of mammals.



  • Paleozoology: The study of fossil vertebrates.



Each subdivision has its own scope, methods, challenges, and applications. However, they also share some common principles, concepts, and techniques. Vertebrate zoologists often collaborate and communicate with each other across different subdivisions to advance the field of vertebrate zoology as a whole.


Who is R.L. Kotpal?




R.L. Kotpal is a distinguished Indian zoologist and author of several books on animal diversity, ecology, and evolution. He is best known for his book Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates, which is widely used by students and teachers of zoology, biology, and wildlife in India and abroad.


His Background and Education




R.L. Kotpal was born in 1938 in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. He completed his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in zoology from Meerut College, Meerut. He obtained his Ph.D. in zoology from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, under the guidance of Prof. R.S. Misra, a renowned ecologist and environmentalist.


His Contributions to Zoology




R.L. Kotpal has made significant contributions to the field of zoology, especially in the areas of animal diversity, ecology, and evolution. He has published more than 100 research papers and articles in various national and international journals and magazines. He has also authored or co-authored more than 20 books on different aspects of zoology, such as animal diversity, ecology, evolution, wildlife, environmental biology, biostatistics, and biotechnology.


Some of his notable books are:



  • Modern Text Book of Zoology: Invertebrates



  • Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates



  • Animal Diversity-I: Non-Chordates



  • Animal Diversity-II: Chordates



  • Ecology: Environment and Conservation



  • Evolution: The Story of Life on Earth



  • Wildlife of India



  • Environmental Biology: Principles of Ecology



  • Biostatistics: A Manual of Statistical Methods for Use in Health, Nutrition and Anthropology



  • Biotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications



His Publications and Awards




R.L. Kotpal has received several awards and honors for his publications and contributions to zoology. Some of them are:



  • The Best Book Award by the Federation of Indian Publishers for his book Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates in 1987.



  • The Best Author Award by the National Book Trust of India for his book Wildlife of India in 1990.



  • The Lifetime Achievement Award by the Zoological Society of India for his outstanding contributions to zoology in 2008.



  • The Distinguished Zoologist Award by the Indian Society of Animal Production and Management for his excellence in zoological research and education in 2010.



  • The Honorary Fellowship by the Zoological Society of India for his distinguished services to zoology in 2011.



What is Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates?




Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates is a comprehensive and authoritative book on vertebrate zoology written by R.L. Kotpal. It was first published in 1984 by Rastogi Publications, New Delhi, and has been revised and updated several times since then. The latest edition was published in 2010.


The Overview and Features of the Book




The book covers the anatomy, physiology, behavior, and classification of vertebrate animals in a detailed and systematic manner. It is divided into four sections:



  • The Introduction Section: This section provides an overview of the phylum Chordata, its origin, diversity, characters, subdivisions, and classification. It also introduces the three subphyla of protochordates: Hemichordata, Urochordata, and Cephalochordata.



  • The Protochordate Section: This section deals with the morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and classification of the three types of protochordates: Balanoglossus (a tongue worm), Herdmania (a sea-squirt), and Branchiostoma (a lancelet).



  • Article with HTML formatting The Vertebrate Section: This section covers the morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, evolution, and classification of the five classes of vertebrates: Cyclostomata (jawless fishes), Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes), Osteichthyes (bony fishes), Amphibia (amphibians), Reptilia (reptiles), Aves (birds), and Mammalia (mammals). It also includes the detailed descriptions of the types of each class: Scoliodon (a dogfish), Labeo (a carp), Rana (a frog), Uromastix (a spiny-tailed lizard), Columba (a pigeon), and Oryctolagus (a rabbit).



  • The Embryology Section: This section deals with the development and differentiation of vertebrate embryos. It includes the descriptions of the development of Balanoglossus, Herdmania, Branchiostoma, Frog, Chick, and Rabbit. It also explains the concepts of placentation and fetal membranes in mammals.



The book has several features that make it a useful and interesting resource for students and teachers of zoology, biology, and wildlife. Some of these features are:



  • The Illustrations: The book contains more than 800 illustrations, diagrams, tables, and charts that help in understanding the structure and function of vertebrate animals. The illustrations are clear, accurate, and labeled.



  • The Examples: The book provides numerous examples of vertebrate animals from different regions and habitats of the world. The examples are relevant, diverse, and representative of the vertebrate diversity.



  • The Questions: The book contains more than 1000 questions at the end of each chapter that test the comprehension and application of the concepts learned. The questions are objective, short-answer, long-answer, and essay-type.



  • The References: The book provides a list of references at the end of each chapter that suggest further reading and research on the topics covered. The references are updated, reliable, and accessible.



  • The Appendices: The book contains four appendices that provide additional information on topics such as biostatistics, biotechnology, wildlife conservation, and environmental biology.



The Contents and Structure of the Book




The book consists of 36 chapters divided into four sections. The contents and structure of the book are as follows:



Section


Chapter


Title


Page No.


I. Introduction


1


Phylum Chordata: An Introduction


1-12


2


Type 1. Balanoglossus: A Tongue Worm


13-28


3


Subphylum I. Hemichordata


29-33


4


Type 2. Herdmania: A Sea-Squirt


34-53


5


Subphylum II. Urochordata


54-64


6


Type 3. Branchiostoma: A Lancelet


65-85


7


Subphylum III. Cephalochordata


86-90


8


Article with HTML formatting


91-98


II. Vertebrates


9


Subphylum IV. Vertebrata


99-110


10


Class 1. Cyclostomata


111-131


11


Class 2. Chondrichthyes


132-142


12


Type 4. Scoliodon: A Dogfish


143-178


13


Class 3. Osteichthyes


179-191


14


Type 5. Labeo rohita: A Carp


192-216


15


Article with HTML formatting


217-254


16


Class 4. Amphibia


255-264


17


Type 6. Rana tigrina: A Common Indian Bull Frog


265-273


18


Type 7. Uromastix hardwickii: A Spiny-tailed Lizard


274-296


19


Class 5. Reptilia


297-304


20


Type 8. Calotes versicolor: The Garden Lizard


305-313


III. Aves and Mammals


21


Article with HTML formatting


314-379


22


Class 6. Aves


380-391


23


Type 10. Gallus gallus: The Domestic Fowl


392-421


24


Type 11. Oryctolagus cuniculus: The Rabbit


422-488


25


Class 7. Mammalia


489-514


26


Subclass 1. Prototheria: Order Monotremata


515-518


27


Article with HTML formatting


519-523


28


Infraclass 2. Eutheria: Order Primates


524-532


IV. Embryology


29


Introduction of Vertebrate Embryology


533-543


30


Development of Balanoglossus


544-547


31


Development of Herdmania


548-553


32


Development of Branchiostoma


554-559


33


Development of Frog


560-575


34


Article with HTML formatting 576-591


35


Development of Rabbit


592-599


36


Placentation in Mammals


600-608


Conclusion




In conclusion, vertebrate zoology is a fascinating and important field of study that explores the diversity, structure, function, evolution, and conservation of vertebrate animals. R.L. Kotpal is a prominent and respected zoologist and author who has written a comprehensive and authoritative book on vertebrate zoology called Modern Text Book of Zoology: Vertebrates. This book is a valuable and useful resource for students and teachers of zoology, biology, and wildlife. It provides a detailed and systematic account of the anatomy, physiology, behavior, and classification of vertebrate animals, along with illustrations, examples, questions, references, and appendices. It also covers the development and differentiation of vertebrate embryos, and the placentation and fetal membranes in mammals.


If you are interested in learning more about vertebrate zoology and R.L. Kotpal's book, you might want to download the PDF version of his book for free. However, before you do that, you should be aware of the legal and ethical issues of downloading PDF books online, and the sources and methods of doing so safely and legally. You should also follow some tips and precautions for downloading PDF books online to avoid any problems or risks.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about vertebrate zoology by kotpal pdf download 188:



  • What is the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates?



Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone or a spinal column, while invertebrates are animals that lack a backbone or a spinal column. Vertebrates include fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Invertebrates include sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, roundworms, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, echinoderms, and protozoans.


  • What is the difference between protochordates and chordates?



Protochordates are animals that have some features of chordates but not all. They include hemichordates (such as Balanoglossus), urochordates (such as Herdmania), and cephalochordates (such as Branchiostoma). Chordates are animals that have all the features of chordates. They include vertebrates (such as fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) and some extinct groups (such as ostracoderms and placoderms).


  • What are the features of chordates?



The features of chordates are:



  • A notochord: A flexible rod-like structure that supports the body.



  • A dorsal hollow nerve cord: A tube-like structure that contains nerve fibers.



  • A pharyngeal gill slit: An opening in the pharynx that allows water to pass through.



  • A post-anal tail: An extension of the body beyond the anus.



  • An endostyle: A groove in the pharynx that secretes mucus for food capture.



  • Where can I download the PDF version of R.L. Kotpal's book for free?



You can download the PDF version of R.L. Kotpal's book for free from various websites that offer free PDF books online. However, you should be careful about the legality and quality of these websites. Some of them may violate the copyright laws or contain viruses or malware. You should always check the reviews and ratings of these websites before downloading anything from them.


  • What are some tips and precautions for downloading PDF books online?



Some tips and precautions for downloading PDF books online are:



  • Use a reliable antivirus software to scan your device and files for any threats.



  • Use a VPN service to hide your IP address and location from any trackers or hackers.



  • Use a reputable website that has positive feedback and ratings from other users.



  • Use a secure browser that has ad blockers and pop-up blockers to avoid any unwanted ads or redirects.



  • Use a download manager that can resume interrupted downloads and manage multiple downloads.



  • Use a PDF reader that can open and view PDF files without any errors or glitches.



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